Congressman Clyburn is the go-to guy, who is the convenient black when it comes to voting rights. Clyburn is a picture of progress, Rising above segregationist sympathizers, during his time. I would like to know what parts of the constitution say varying opinions should be considered enemies of the state. now an African-American is using a segregationist playbook. Love is more powerful than intolerance. As our understanding grows, love makes room for everyone’s redemption. Who are we to think we are above the need of grace. The history of segregationists was painted by the brush of the democratic party. Most of the civil rights legislation was passed by the votes of Republicans, the enemies of today. However, love was big enough to see them through, and grace was there for the deserved and undeserved. We all been there before. Just maybe he will See Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s dream as a reality in all times when we put God first. Of course, this is coming from a black caucus that has a long history of accomplishments, like the massive incarceration bill, empowering the black community. I am glad Jesse Jackson was one of the few from our community to oppose such legislation. We are one people under God and never divided by malicious motives.🙏🏾🎉
The material is simply a slave willing to respond to the mind/motives that direct it, though it is riddled with limits called natural laws. Fortunately, we have a body in Christ, to some, the material is where we are initially in our understanding, and that’s OK. Love is like the truest of friends, always meeting us right where we are. As we rise above this plane of existence, we start witnessing things that stretch beyond the limits of the material. Now we are glimpsing reality as it is, and the never was is fading. love and live. 🙏🏾🎉
A History of Attacks at the US Capitol
In its over 200-year history, the U.S. Capitol has been the main location where the Senate and the House of Representativespass the country’s laws and where presidents are inaugurated and deliver their annual State of the Union addresses. But while the Capitol was built to house legislative governance, it has also been the site of violence in multiple forms.
Fire Damages the US Capitol During War of 1812
The ruins of the U.S. Capitol following British attempts to burn the building; includes fire damage to the Senate and House wings, damaged colonnade in the House of Representatives shored up with firewood to prevent its collapse, and the shell of the rotunda with the facade and roof missing.
VCG Wilson/Corbis/Getty Images
Construction of the Capitol formally began on September 18, 1793, when President George Washington laid the first cornerstone. Enslaved Black people performed the actual construction of the Capitol. Congress began using the building in 1800, the year the federal government moved its operations from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C. Like many of the first federal buildings in D.C., the Capitol’s design was based on 19th-century neoclassical style, inspired by ancient Greek and Roman architecture.
READ MORE: Why Isn’t Washington, D.C. a State?
The Capitol’s construction continued until the War of 1812, when the country’s wartime mobilization forced it to a halt. A year into the conflict between the United States and the British Empire, American troops set fire to a capital in colonial Canada. In retaliation, British troops in 1814 burned federal buildings in Washington, D.C.—including the White Houseand the Capitol.
The fire didn’t completely destroy the Capitol, but it damaged enough of it that some members of Congresssuggested relocating the federal government back to Philadelphia or find another city. Instead, workers rebuilt the Capitol and continued to expand it as the number of states—and their representatives in Congress—grew (today, it covers over 1.5 million square feet and has more than 600 rooms). Over the next few decades, interactions between these congressmen became increasingly strained and violent.
Congressional Violence Erupts During Lead-Up to Civil War
Preston Smith Brooks, a fervent advocate of slavery, assaulting Senator Charles Sumner, an abolitionist, with a cane on the floor of the United States Senate, on May 22, 1856. Brooks attacked Sumner following an anti-slavery speech by Sumner.
Universal History Archive/Getty Images
The U.S. antebellum period was characterized by violence against enslaved Black people, free Black people and abolitionists. It was a period in which anti-slavery newspapers faced mob violence, and the issue of slaverydrove congressmen to attack one another.
One of the most famous incidents of congressional violence is the caning of Charles Sumner. In 1856, pro-slavery Representative Preston Brooks beat anti-slavery Senator Charles Sumner nearly unconscious with a cane on the Senate floor. Brooks said he chose to attack Sumner this way because he didn’t want to break an 1839 law against congressional dueling, passed a year after a congressman had killed another in a duel in Maryland.
The caning of Sumner was not an isolated incident. Historian Joanne B. Freeman identified more than 70 violent occurrences between congressmen while researching her book, The Field of Blood: Violence in Congress and the Road to the Civil War. In 1858, a fistfight between about 30 congressmen broke out in the House of Representatives at 2:00 a.m. when a southerner grabbed a northerner by the throat. In 1860, pro-slavery congressmen threatened an anti-slavery congressmen with pistols and canes while he spoke against slavery on the House floor.
When Abraham Lincoln won the presidency in 1860, southern states responded by seceding and waging war on the Union. Southern congressmen who had once worked in the Capitol began fighting against the Union it stood for—though during the Civil War, the Confederate Army never captured D.C.
Listen to HISTORY This Week Podcast: The Capitol Attack of 1861
Shootings and Bombings at the Capitol
US Capitol police officers salute the caskets of Special Agent John Gibson (L-front) and Officer Jacob Chestnut as they lie in state in the Rotunda at the US Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. on July 28, 1998. Gibson and Chestnut were killed on July 24 when Russell E. Weston Jr. opened fire inside the building after running through metal detectors at the door.
Joyce Naltchayan/AFP/Getty Images
In addition to duels and physical fights between congressmen, non-members of Congress have fired weapons or planted bombs on the Capitol grounds.
On July 2, 1915, a former German professor at Harvard, Erich Muenter, planted a package containing three sticks of dynamite in the Capitol near the Senate Reception room. The explosive detonated around midnight and during a time when the Senate had been on recess. An on-duty Capitol Police officer was nearly knocked out of his chair during the blast, but fortunately no one was injured. The German-born man later wrote a letter to a Washington, D.C. newspaper saying he had planted the explosives to protest U.S. wartime aid to Britain and said he hoped the detonation would “make enough noise to be heard above the voices that clamor for war.” He then traveled to the home of J.P. Morgan in Long Island, New York and shot the financier. Morgan’s wounds proved superficial and he survived. Muenter was soon captured and detained in jail where, several days later, he died by suicide.
On March 1, 1954, four Puerto Rican Americans fired guns in the House of Representatives, injuring five congressmen. The attackers said they acted to demand independence for the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico. (Puerto Ricans have U.S. citizenship but can’t vote for president and have no voting representatives in Congress.) The injured congressmen survived, and the four shooters received prison sentences. President Jimmy Carter commuted one of their sentences in 1977, and granted clemency to the other three in 1979.
On March 1, 1971, a bomb exploded in the Capitol building. While the explosion did not injure anyone, it caused some $300,000 in damage. A group calling itself the Weather Underground claimed to be behind the bombing and said it was in protest of the ongoing U.S.-supported bombing of Laos.
Thirteen years later, on November 7, 1983, a bomb tore through the second floor of the Senate wing of the Capitol. The device detonated late in the evening and no one was harmed, but it caused an estimated $250,000 in damage. A group calling itself the Armed Resistance Unit later claimed responsibility for the attack, saying it was in retaliation for military actions in Grenada and Lebanon. Seven people were eventually arrested in connection with the attack.
Political causes aside, individuals have committed acts of violence on Capitol grounds through the decades. These incidents include an 1890 fatal shootingsparked by a feud between a reporter and a former congressman and a 1998 fatal shooting of two Capitol Police officers in 1998 by a man who claimed the U.S. was plagued by cannibalism and a fictional disease.
On January 6, 2021, on a day when representatives met to formalize the presidential election results, hundreds of rioters supporting President Donald Trump and seeking to overthrow President-Elect Joe Biden’s electoral victory pushed through police barricades and stormed the Capitol, some smashing windows to enter its halls. A protester who was shot by police, died in the chaos, and more than 100 police were injured.
We are the fully grown wheat that represents Dr. King’s Dream. United and leavened as One People, One Kingdom, under One Creator, God. Live Love!
Want to change the environment? Well, it begins from within. Wrong motives are behind every destructive force. Right motives have a positive ripple effect, securing us in the kingdom within, and transforming the outward in the likeness of our faith and understanding.
We sometimes justify our position in life, based on what the senses tell us. Though, can the senses discern the underlying motive? No! Here is an illustration of why right motives are essential. Two gardeners planted seeds in the ground. The first gardener’s motive was a desire to feed his family and neighbors. He was prayerful and surrendered it’s care to God, resulting in a bountiful harvest, blessing everyone around.
Now, the second gardener, who planted seeds as well. His motive was to have the best garden around the area. He wanted to brag about what he created and never desired to share the harvest. He even built a fence around it to keep others away. He thought the success of the garden was tied to his action and his only. He later saw only some of the crop sprouted, in spite of his best efforts. Only a small amount of the crop was worth harvesting, and went to waste because of the environment of selfish motives.
Both gardeners have the same potential and divine inheritance. However, as illustrated by the first gardener, right motives are key to opening the way. So remember, right motives have a positive desired effect on the environment that far exceeds what humanity can accomplish by itself. Contrary to beliefs, God is In control. A right desire begins with prayer. You are that good steward. ”Love” resuscitates the environments.
What the Bible says about trials: ”From James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ: Greetings to all God’s people scattered over the whole world. My friends, consider yourselves fortunate when all kinds of trials come your way, for you know that when your faith succeeds in facing such trials, the result is the ability to endure. Make sure that your endurance carries you all the way without failing, so that you may be perfect and complete, lacking nothing. But if any of you lack wisdom, you should pray to God, who will give it to you; because God gives generously and graciously to all”(James 1:1-5).🙏🏾🎉
Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to all,
Be still, and know that I am God: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth. The Lord of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.
Psalm 46:10-11 – KJV